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IVF fertilization is fertilization outside the body and the subsequent transfer of a fertilized developing egg (embryo) to the uterus. The leading indicators for the IVF procedure are violations of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, poor sperm quality, and infertility of unknown origin. Also, indicators for IVF can be the age of the woman and the duration of infertility. The effectiveness of the IVF program and the final cost how much ivf cost in Pakistan are determined by various factors.
The main difference between a natural IVF cycle and a stimulated one is the possibility of obtaining several eggs as a result of hormone therapy, and not one. The eggs matured after stimulation are taken from the ovaries to fertilize them.
The need to obtain several eggs to increase the chances of IVF pregnancy is because not every egg can be fertilized, just as not every embryo can be implanted. Only the sources with the highest probability of implantation are selected for transfer. In each case, hormonal therapy is determined individually to avoid possible complications and obtain the maximum number of mature eggs.
The stimulation procedure takes place under ultrasound supervision. Thanks to this, the size and quality of the follicles and the thickness of the endometrium are controlled, and the right moment for the puncture of the strands is determined. This control is also necessary to reduce the risks of hyperstimulation.
Before ovulation, follicle puncture occurs (egg retrieval from the follicles). This procedure must be carried out precisely before the onset of ovulation since the egg enters the abdominal cavity or fallopian tube and becomes almost inaccessible.
Egg retrieval is carried out through the vagina, also under ultrasound control. The procedure does not require hospitalization and is performed under general anesthesia. The patient goes home after discussing the puncture results with the doctor.
On the day of the puncture, fresh sperm from the spouse is necessary for the fertilization of the egg. Before fertilization, the sperm is processed, as a result of which the fertilizing ability of spermatozoa becomes optimal. Afterward, spermatozoa and eggs are cultured in an incubator for 24 hours in a nutrient medium.
The cultivation of embryos takes another two to five days when experts monitor their fragmentation (division). In parallel with this, the selection of sources with the most excellent chances for implantation occurs. The remaining quality embryos are frozen at shallow temperatures for further attempts (embryo cryopreservation).
IVF pregnancy is usually distinguished by a more respectful attitude of parents towards it.
The clinic’s specialists, “GENOVA,” who have extensive experience monitoring IVF pregnancy, will make sure that the entire prenatal period and the birth itself are easy for the patient and the unborn child.
Children after IVF are no different from their peers. They may even be healthier than children conceived “naturally” due to the ability to detect the presence of genetic abnormalities in the embryo using preimplantation diagnosis. Often, children after IVF develop faster than their peers due to increased attention from parents, as IVF statistics show.
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